Disabled people and communications services
Communications services are important for all citizens and consumers, including disabled people.
Disabled people are active users of communications services and in some cases they have higher than average use of key services.
For example, Ofcom research has found that disabled people watch more television than average and research from RNIB suggests that radio is more important to blind and partially sighted people than to sighted people.
Disabled people may also be more reliant on certain communications services.
For example, they may find online shopping or banking more accessible than using the high street. They may also need to know that they can phone for help if in difficulty or in an emergency.
However, disabled people may need changes to the way in which a service is provided in order to be able to benefit from it and use it independently.
Ofcom has a duty under the Communications Act to have regard for the needs of disabled people when making and implementing regulatory decisions. To inform its work, Ofcom has carried out in-depth research into the issues facing people with disabilities. This has focused on the following groups:
While the specific issues facing people with different types of impairments vary, some issues are common to many disabled people.
For example, problems when dealing with call centres came up in all four pieces of research. Although Ofcom does not regulate call centres, we did publish a guide for call centres about how to offer a good service to disabled customers. There is also a much more detailed document produced by the Employers’ Forum on Disability.
As a public body, Ofcom is required to promote equality in all its work, both as a service provider and an employer. We have published our Equality Scheme setting out how we will do this.
Services for disabled people – telecommunications
Ofcom requires communications providers (fixed and mobile) to provide a range of services designed to benefit disabled customers, including:
Access to an approved text relay service for people who are hearing- or speech-impaired, with rebates to compensate customers for the additional time taken by these calls. Relay users type their message into a textphone, which transmits the message to the relay centre. The relay operator voices the message to a hearing user who replies in speech. The relay operator types the reply which appears on the textphone’s display screen.
Free directory enquiries for consumers who are unable to use a printed directory because of a disability, with through-connection of calls
Priority fault repair (fixed line only) for customers who depend on the telephone because of ill-health or disability and have an urgent need for a repair
Third party bill management, enabling a nominated friend or relative to act on behalf of someone who needs help to manage their affairs
Bills and contracts in formats such as large print and Braille on request
You need to register in advance for some of these services – please contact your communications provider for information about how to do this.
The only approved text relay service in the UK is Text Relay which is operated by BT. All other communications providers give their customers access to this.
Communications providers are also required to publicise the availability of these services, and Ofcom has carried out research into how well communications providers are doing this. Ofcom discussed the findings of this research with the communications providers concerned and required them to produce detailed plans setting out how they will improve the situation. We also asked for copies of the training and reference materials that are provided to call handlers to inform them about these services.
Services for disabled consumers – broadcasting
Subtitling, sign language on TV and audio description, known as television access services, help people with hearing or visual impairments to understand and enjoy television.
Ofcom ensures that broadcasters provide minimum proportions of programmes with subtitling, sign language and audio description. Ofcom publishes information about the amounts of television access services that broadcasters are required to provide and what they actually deliver.
Subtitling: currently 70 channels are required to provide some level of subtitling, with the BBC committed to subtitling 100% of its programming.
Signed television programmes incorporate a signer translating dialogue and sound effects into sign language. Low audience channels may, as an alternative to transmitting their quota of sign interpreted programmes, pay an equivalent sum of money to the British Sign Language Broadcasting Trust which has been set up to commission programmes presented in sign language. Over 60 channels have signed up to this scheme and programmes can be watched on the BSL Zone on television and on the BSLBT website.
Audio description comprises a separate audio track in which a narrator uses spaces in the original sound track to describe what is happening on-screen for the benefit of people with visual impairments. Like subtitling, it can be turned on or off. You can find listings of audio described programmes here. An increasing number of set top boxes and televisions receive audio description, and it can also be accessed on cable and satellite television. The RNID has a helpful factsheet listing the set top boxes and integrated digital televisions that can receive audio description.
On cable and satellite only, you may need to use a different channel number to access the audio description for BBC1, BBC2, ITV1 and Channel 4, depending on where you live. If you cannot receive audio description, try changing to these channels:
|BBC1 outside London||950||851||974|
|BBC2 outside London||852|
|BBC2 outside England||968||989|
|ITV1 outside London||977||993|
|Channel 4 London||854|
|Channel 4 outside London||974||994|
All consumers benefit from equipment that is easy to use, but for disabled consumers this is a particularly important issue.
Ofcom has a duty under the Communications Act to promote the development and availability of easy-to-use consumer equipment. However, Ofcom has limited regulatory powers in relation to such equipment. Instead, we work with others to promote usability. There is more information about our work in this area here.
There are also some useful online resources to help disabled people choose equipment that will be suitable for them.
Ricability has information about digital television, including indoor aerials, set top boxes, digital TV recorders and integrated digital televisions
The Mobile Accessibility database has detailed information about mobile handsets and their features
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